The substation is an integrated network of different types of electrical types of equipment. This network helps to provide continuity of power from generating units to consumer ends.
There are multiple ways to install the substation (basically, in the form of indoor and outdoor types). For this installation, one should get familiar with all the basic requirements of the power substation.
In this article, I am listing the main electrical substation components for an overhead power system.
What are the basic requirement of electrical substation?
Keep scrolling the list of main parts of substation one by one,
- Overhead power lines
- Ground (earth) wire
- Circuit breaker
- Lightning arrester
- Isolating switches
- Capacitor bank
- Relay (overcurrent and earth fault type)
- Instrument (current and potential types) transformer
- Distribution panel board
- Wave Trapper
- Measuring and indicating instruments
- Outgoing feeder
- Security fencing
All these major types of equipment are assembled together to set up substations.
Each component has a specific role and function to control the voltage, to switch at fault condition and, to protect from hazard situation in the power system.
Also, we can include other electrical substation components as per the power requirements.
Read more related article:
- Overhead Line Components
- Types of Electrical Transformer
- Capacitor vs Battery
- Fuse vs Circuit Breaker
- PLC vs Relay
- Types of insulating materials
- Overhead Line vs Underground Cable
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I have completed master in Electrical Power System. I work and write technical tutorials on the PLC, MATLAB programming, and Electrical on DipsLab.com portal.
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