15 Difference between Capacitor and Battery

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Capacitors and batteries are electronic devices that store and release electrical energy. The capacity of these devices is measured in terms of how much energy it stores and releases. Usually, it is calculated in an ampere-hour (Ah).

This is the basic function and similarity between capacitor and battery. But, they have some salient differences.

In this tutorial, we are going to study what is the difference between the capacitor and battery.

Difference between Capacitor and Battery

Let’s compare capacitor vs battery with their multiple specifications in tubular form.

01Basic PrincipleCapacitor works based on electrostatic field.Battery works based on an electrochemical (or oxidation-reduction) reaction.
02[Defination] What is a capacitor & battery?An electronic device that stores the potential energy and releases it in the form of electric energy is called a Capacitor.
Sometimes, it is called a Condenser.
The device that stores potential energy and converts it into electric energy is called a Battery.
03Storing energyIn a capacitor, potential energy is stored in the form of an electrostatic field.In a battery, potential energy is stored in the form of chemical energy.
04Construction of capacitor & batteryTwo or more metallic plates are required for the construction of the capacitor.Anode (positive) and cathode (negative) terminals are required for the construction of the battery.
05Insulating materialThe dielectric material (insulator) is used in the capacitor that separates metallic plates.The electrolyte solution is used in the battery that separates the anode and cathode terminals.
06What are the active and passive components?The capacitor is a passive component.The battery is an active component as it generates electric energy.
07Functions of charged particles (electrons).It can only store charge particles (electrons).
It can generate and store charge particles (electrons).
08Volatge FunctionCapacitor rapidly decreases voltage while discharging.The battery provides a constant voltage (DC source) supply.  
09Types of capacitor & batteryCapacitors are classified into different types such as Ceramic, Tantalum, and Electrolytic.Batteries are classified into different types such as Alkaline, Lead-acid, Lithium-ion, Nickel-cadmium, Zinc-carbon.
10Requires times It requires less time for charging and discharging (few seconds). It requires more time for charging and discharging (few minutes).
11Polarity During charging and discharging, the capacitor has the same polarity.During charging and discharging, the battery has reversed polarity.
12Used of capacitor & batteryThe capacitor is used in electrical and electronic circuits or devices, power factor correction, electronic filter, motor starter, oscillator, snubber, etc.The battery is used in power electronic appliances, medical devices, automatic equipment, IoT based devices, etc.
13Capcitor & battery costIt is cheap and affordable. Its cost depends on the size and power rating. It is costly as compared to the capacitor.
14Service LifeIt has a long service life. It has a short service life.

15. Symbolic Representation of Capacitor and Inductor

In this post, I have covered 15 basic differences of capacitor and battery. If you have any queries regarding capacitor vs battery, you can ask by giving your comment below.

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2 thoughts on “15 Difference between Capacitor and Battery”

  1. असेच एखादे संकेतस्थळ(वेबसाईट) किंवा निदान ब्लॉग तरी मराठीतून हवा.

  2. Capacitor is stored Electric energy and battery is store in the form chemical energy to convert electric energy.


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