Top 10 Thermal Power Plants in India

We all know, the thermal power plant is one of the crucial power-generating sources. This power station has good power efficiency and economical as compared to the other stations.

India’s thermal power station comes with a more than 60% power generating capacity. And for more power generation, 80% of the thermal power stations are established on coal.

There are different thermal power stations installed with different power generation capacities in India.

Some of them are operated under the central government of India, also called as National Thermal Power Corporation or NTPC. NTPC is one of the top Indian PSU companies. And some of them are operated by private companies.

In this article, I am listing top 10 biggest thermal power stations in India with some details.

If you are preparing for compantive exams and interviews, many times questions are asked on thermal power plants. Know about them will help you cracking exams.

Let’s dive in.

Which is the First Thermal Power Plant in India?

Hussain Sagar Thermal Power Station is India’s first thermal power plant which is built-in 1920.

It was placed in Hyderabad, Telangana on the banks of Hussain Sagar. And it was operated by the Hyderabad state electricity department.

Power Generation Capacity: Hussain Sagar Thermal Power Station was used to generate 22.5 MW of power on the consumption of about 200 tons of coal per day.

Now, this power station is part of the history as this is no longer operating.

What are the Top 10 Thermal Power Plant in India?

Here is the list of the top 10 thermal power plants in India with details like year of establishment, plant location, power capacity, power units, and operating sector.

#Thermal Power PlantYear
Plant LocationPower CapacityPower Units Sector (Owner & Operator)
1Vindhyachal Thermal Power Station1987Singrauli,
Madhya Pradesh
NTPC (Central)
2Mundra Thermal Power Station2009Mundra, Gujarat4620MW
Adani Power Limited
3Mundra Ultra Mega Power Plant
2012Tunda (Mundra district), Gujarat4000MW5×800MWTATA Power (Operator-
Coastal Gujarat Power Limited)
4Sasan Ultra Mega Power Plant2013Sasan (Singrauli), Madhya Pradesh3960MW

Reliance Power (Operator- Sasan Power Limited)
5KSK Mahanadi Power Plant2013Akaltara (Janjgir-Champa district), Chhattisgarh3600MW
6×600MWKSK Energy Ventures, Private
6Jindal Thermal Power Plant2007Tamnar (Raigarh district), Chhattisgarh3400MW
Jindal Power Limited
7Chandrapur Super Thermal Power Station1983Chandrapur, Maharashtra3340MW7 Units
Maharashtra State Power Generation Company Limited
8Tiroda Thermal Power Plant2012Tirora (Gondia district), Maharashtra3300MW5x660MWAdani Power Limited
9Rihand Thermal Power Station1988Renukut (Sonebhadra district), Uttar Pradesh3000MW6×500MWNTPC (Central)
10Talcher Thermal Power Station1995Talcher (Angul district), Odisha3000MW6×500MWNTPC (Central)

Each plant has a specific generation power capacity, operational units, construction, and other specifications.

The main function of the generating power station is to transmit the bulk electrical power to nearby the different substations by the overhead or underground networks.

Which is the Largest Thermal Power Plant in India?

Vindhyachal Thermal Power Station is the first largest thermal power plant in India. And it is the ninth-largest thermal power plant in the world.

Vindhyachal power station is one of the coal-based of the National Thermal Power Corporation Limited (NTPC).

Thermal Power Station has generating power capacity of 4,760 MW.

After the Vindhyanchal, Mundra Thermal Power Station is the second-largest position in India and eleventh position largest operational power station in the world.

These are the biggest power stations that has good power generation capacity and efficiency.

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5 thoughts on “Top 10 Thermal Power Plants in India”

  1. Very nice and important information. May I know that ranking of Barh super thermal power station in electric production?

    • Thank you, Saroj for giving information about one of the top thermal power plants.

      I will update the list. As per the power generating capacity, this plant rank should be in the range of between 7 and 8 positions.


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